National Science Foundation (NSF)
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http://www.nsf.gov/funding/, (703) 292-8210
Summary: Funds research and education in most fields of science and engineering. It does this through grants, and cooperative agreements to more than 2,000 colleges, universities, K-12 school systems, businesses, informal science organizations and other research organizations throughout the United States. The Foundation accounts for about one-fourth of federal support to academic institutions for basic research.
Program Topics Funded